March 28, 2013

Gains and losses in equity investments

There are two benefits investors to buy or hold shares, namely:

That sharing of the benefits provided by the company issuing the shares on the company's income, dividends granted after approval from shareholders at the AGM. Dividends distributed to companies in the form of cash dividends to shareholders meaning given in the form of cash dividends in the amount specified for each stock or stock dividends may also be a means to any given shareholder dividend number of shares so that the number of shares owned by investors increases with the division in = eviden stock.

Capital Gain
Capital gain is the difference between purchase price and selling price, which the selling price is higher than the purchase price, capital gain made by the trading activity in the secondary market
Besides these two advantages, the shareholders also possible to get:

Shares Bonus
Stock bonus (if any) that the shares were distributed to shareholders of the company taken in capital, share premium is the difference between the selling price of the nominal price of the stock when the company initial public offering market.
While the losses that could occur in the stock investment, namely:

Not getting dividend
The Company will distribute dividends if the company's operating profit. Thus, the company can not distribute dividends if the company suffered losses. Thus, the potential benefits dividend investors untukmendapatkan determined by the performance of the company.

Capital Loss
In stock trading activity, investors do not always get a capital gain or a gain on the shares he sold. There are times when investors sell their shares lower price than the purchase price, so investors had capital loss.

In stock trading, sometimes an investor to avoid potential losses greater to the steady decline in the stock price, then the investor is willing to sell its shares at a price lower than the purchase price, the term is known as Cut Loss.

The company went bankrupt and liquidated
If a company goes bankrupt, then the course will have a direct impact to the company's shareholders. In accordance with the listing rules on stock exchanges.
Under conditions of the company liquidated, pemeganng stocks will get a lower position than creditors or bondholders, and if there are leftovers will be distributed to shareholders.

Shares in delist from the stock exchange (delisting)
Other risks that are faced by the investor if shares of the company issued a stock exchange listing (delist). Delist the company's shares on the stock exchange in general because of poor performance, such as in a certain period of time has never traded, a loss some years, no dividend consecutively for several years and other conditions in accordance with the listing rules on the exchange. There is also delist companies in out of stock for the purpose Go Private, Go Private companies that do not harm investors because the company issuing the shares do Buy Back the issued shares of that.

Shares suspended
If a stock is trading suspended by stock exchange authorities. Thus investors can not sell their shares until the shares are suspended status is revoked from suspend. Suspend usually lasts a short time as the first session, first day of trading, but can also take place within the next few trading days. It causes suspend the shares in a stock experienced an incredible surge in prices, a company bankrupted by creditors, or any other condition that requires the bourse authorities suspended trading in shares are then asked to confirm the other. So that the information is not yet clear the scene of speculation, if after obtained a clear information, the status of the stock suspension may be revoked by the stock exchanges and can be traded again as before.

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